Service Mesh (Beta)

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This topic describes service mesh for Cloud Foundry Application Runtime (CFAR).

To deploy service mesh, see Deploying Service Mesh (Beta).

Overview

CFAR includes an optional, beta routing plane that uses a service mesh. A service mesh provides traffic management, security, and observability for microservices. For more information, see What is a service mesh? in the Istio documentation.

Service mesh in CFAR uses Istio Pilot and Envoy. The Cloud Foundry istio-release packages these components into a BOSH release. For more information, see Pilot in Istio documentation, What is Envoy in the Envoy documentation, and the istio-release repository in GitHub.

Service mesh deploys an additional router and runs as a parallel routing plane as illustrated in the following diagram:

A load balancer receives requests at *.YOUR-APPS-DOMAIN and forwards them to the Gorouter. The Gorouter then forwards them to an app. A separate load balancer receives requests at *.mesh.YOUR-APPS-DOMAIN and forwards them to the istio-router. The istio-router then forwards them to an app

Features

Service mesh currently supports configuring routing weights for apps. For more information, see Using Weighted Routing (Beta).

Limitations

When deploying service mesh, consider:

  • It does not have feature parity with the existing routing plane in CFAR.
  • It is for deployments with fewer than 20,000 routes. At greater scale, it may impact core platform functions.
  • The control plane is not HA and registration of new routes may be delayed during upgrade.
  • The domain for routes is *.mesh.YOUR-APPS-DOMAIN and is not configurable.

Component VMs

The following table describes each component VM deployed as part of service mesh in CFAR, along with their function.

| VM | Processes | Function | | – | ——— | ——– | | istio-router | envoy | A reverse proxy to forward HTTP/HTTPS requests external to the platform to apps on the platform. | | istio-control | copilot, pilot-discovery | Propagates CFAR external routes to all service mesh routers. | | route-syncer | cc-route-syncer | syncs routes created through the Cloud Controller API to the service mesh control plane. |

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